Three years ago, on 25th April, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake shook the nation. It was the worst strike in more than 80 years' time that left thousands injured and homeless. Loss of life was devastating, over 8,900 lives were lost, and 22,000 people injured. 2.8 million people needed humanitarian assistance. More than 602,257 houses were destroyed and 185,099 were damaged. The terrible thing was people suffered around 400 aftershocks that caused further destruction and hardship for those who had survived the initial disaster. 

It's impossible to put into words the loss that Nepal experienced. According to the Ministry of Education, a total of 32,145 classrooms were destroyed and 15,352 damaged directly affecting more than a million students. This has increased the chances of child/forced labour and young boys and girls being trapped into human trafficking nets. Over time, 134 international Search And Rescue (SAR) teams from 34 countries were mobilized for the support in the affected areas including internationals and nationals development organizations.  After the disaster, women and children from the 14 worst affected districts became the most vulnerable and thus were at high risk of internal and cross-border trafficking, abuse and exploitation. So, there was a need to increase services to youth and children through strengthening social services to prevent and respond to child and youth protection issues.

Nepal is now passing through a critical time and pushed off behind 50 years from its development. As the nation has gone through radical political transformations; several new environmental challenges have been added. many settlements, several public properties including schools were damaged and broken.  This left us to understand a deep environmental calamity was waiting. This coupled with the lack of consideration of environmental concerns, have worsened the challenges in countries. However, the country is struggling to recover the losses through several strategies and approaches for reconstruction and rehabilitation though the outcomes are beneath the expectation due to political, social, geographical hindrances.

Education is one of the strongest keys to bring the normalcy in the community after occurrence of any forms of disaster. Therefore, specific interventions related with education support in the community could be an appropriate entry point for program designing and building trustful relationships, identifying target beneficiaries, understanding the local political and social dynamics and rapport building with local people and authorities to respond to the disaster.    

According to the National Reconstruction Authority (NRA), out of the 996,582 households surveyed, 767,705 are eligible for the government's Private Housing Grant. As of today, 388,642 are under construction in the 14 most affected districts and 113,793 have already completed construction.

Although, local government has tirelessly activated and prioritized community based programme to tap vulnerable groups with support from I/NGOs, the results are not satisfactory. Therefore, activities to prevent and protect children and adolescents from abuse, neglect, and exploitation are proposed as a priority action together with other aspects of reconstruction and recovery.  

Efforts done by Right4Children to get children back into education

Various reports suggested that almost one million children were out of school in the immediate aftermath. However, most of the children were learning in the Temporary Learning Centers (TLCs), but the major concerns following the earthquake was, if they do not return to the school soon, they would potentially become victims of child marriage, trafficking and child labour.

Right4children has been working at Marpak VDC of Dhading District, one of the most affected districts, where 90% of schools were destroyed during the earthquake. R4C is supporting to rebuild the schools to get children back to normal school life.  Five community schools are in the phase to complete where approximate 1100 children per year will be able to continue their education in a safe and child friendly environment which will address the education and protection needs of children.

It has been exactly three years now that the earthquake had hit the country and displaced living on horns of dilemma. Today, people have already initiated their efforts for recovery and finding ways to rebuild their lives. They have taken these difficulties as opportunities to become resilient and shape their vision of a progressive yet eco-sensitive Nepal. Meanwhile, expectation towards the locally elected government has been increased to empower people to rebuild the lives.